Studies show that educational achievement gaps already exist at Kindergarten entry.  Children from low-income families are more likely to start school with limited language skills, health problems and social and emotional problems that interfere with learning.  The larger the gap at school entry, the harder it is to close.

Schools can improve the readiness of young children by making connections with local child care providers and preschools by creating policies that ensure smooth transitions to kindergarten.  Schools must be ready to address the diverse needs of the children and families in their community and be committed to the success of every child. 

 








Communications Resources

Opening Up the Black Box: A Case Study in Simplifying Models (2002). In FrameWorks Kids Count E-Zine no. 19. Washington, DC: The FrameWorks Institute.
Click here to download this publication.

Talking School Readiness and Early Child Development: A FrameWorks Message Memo (2002). Susan Nall Bales. Washington, DC: The FrameWorks Institute.
Click here to download this publication (pdf format).

 

Kindergarten Assessment Resources

Assessing Kindergarten Children: A Compendium of Assessment Instruments (2001). Judith Niemeyer and Catherine Scott-Little. Greensboro, NC: SERVE.
Click here to download this publication (pdf format).

Children Entering School Ready to Learn: School Readiness Baseline Information School Year 2001-2002 by State and County (February 2002). Baltimore, MD: Maryland State Department of Education.
Click here to download this publication.

Institute for Readiness Assessment Systems: Making Them Work for All Children (October 22, 2001). Notes from Meeting: SERVEing Young Children Institute on School Readiness Assessments. Greensboro, NC: SERVE.
Click here to download the notes from this meeting.

Measuring Children's School Readiness: Options for Developing State Baselines and Benchmarks (November 2002). Charles Bruner with Abby Copeman. Des Moines, IA: Child and Family Policy Center.
Unavailable online. Contact The Child and Family Policy Center.

Principles and Recommendations for Early Childhood Assessments (February 1998). Lorrie Shepard, Sharon Lynn Kagan, and Emily Wurtz, eds. Goal 1 Early Childhood Assessments Resource Group, National Education Goals Panel.
Click here to download this publication.

Readiness for Kindergarten: A Brief Report (April 2002). Kelly Mehaffie and Robert McCall. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development.
Click here to download this publication.

Readiness for School: A Survey of State Policies and Definitions (Fall 2000). In Early Childhood Research & Practice vol. 2 no. 2. Gitanjali Saluja, Catherine Scott-Little and Richard M. Clifford.
Click here to download this publication.

School Entry Assessment Project: Report of Findings (1999). Jefferson City, MO: Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.
Click here to download this publication (pdf format).

 

Language and Literacy Resources

Access to Print: Problem, Consequences and Instructional Solutions (2001). Speech given by Susan Neuman during the White House Summit on Early Childhood Cognitive Development, July 26-27, 2001. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.
Click here to download this speech.

Beginning Literacy With Language (2001). David Dickinson and Patton Tabors, Baltimore, MD: Paul Brookes Publishing Company.
Click here to order this publication.

Bilingualism and Literacy: Problem or Opportunity? A Synthesis of Reading Research on Bilingual Students (April 2000). From the Proceedings of A Research Symposium on High Standards in Reading for Students From Diverse Language Groups: Research, Practice & Policy, April 19-20, 2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.
Click here to download this publication.

Born to Learn: Language, Reading, and the Brain of the Child (2001). Speech given by Patricia K. Kuhl during the White House Summit on Early Childhood Cognitive Development, July 26-27, 2001. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.
Click here to download this speech.

Fostering Language and Literacy in Classrooms and Homes (March 2002). In Young Children vol. 57 no. 2. David Dickinson and Patton Tabors, Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.
Click here to order this publication.

Good Start, Grow Smart: The Bush Administration's Early Childhood Initiative (2002).
Click here to download this publication.

The Head Start Path to Positive Child Outcomes (July 2001). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children and Families.
Click here to download this publication (pdf format).

Home Literacy Activities and Signs of Children's Emerging Literacy, 1993 and 1999 (November 1999). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.
Click here to download this publication.

Intergenerational Transfer of Literacy (January 1996). Commissioned paper for Family Literacy: Directions in Research and Implications for Practice. Catherine Snow and Patton Tabors, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.
Click here to download this publication.

Language and Literacy for All Children (2001). In Head Start Bulletin Issue #24. Washington, DC: Patton Tabors, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children and Families.
Click here to download this publication.

No Child Left Behind Policy Brief: Literacy (2002). Kristie Kauerz, Denver, CO: Education Commission of the States.
Click here to download this publication (pdf format).

Put Reading First: The Research Building Blocks for Teaching Children to Read (September 2001). Washington, DC: National Institute for Literacy.
Click here to download this publication (pdf format).

Responding to Linguistic and Cultural Diversity: Recommendations for Effective Early Childhood Education (1995). Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.
Click here to download this publication.

The Role of Parents and Grandparents in Children's Cognitive Development: Focus on Language and Literacy (2001). Speech given by Dorothy S. Strickland during the White House Summit on Early Childhood Cognitive Development, July 26-27, 2001. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.
Click here to download this speech.

Supporting Cognitive Development in Early Childhood (2001). Speech given by Susan H. Landry during the White House Summit on Early Childhood Cognitive Development, July 26-27, 2001. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.
Click here to download this speech.

 

Indicators and Data Resources

America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being 2002 (2002). Washington, DC: Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics.
Click here to download this publication.

By the Bucket: Achieving Results for Young Children (May 1995). Sharon Lynn Kagan. Washington, DC: National Governors Association.
Click here to download this publication.



Policy Resources

Focusing on Results for Kids (September 2002). In State Legislatures. Washington, DC: National Conference of State Legislatures.
Unavailable online. Contact NCSL.

Good Start, Grow Smart: The Bush Administration's Early Childhood Initiative (2002).
Click here to download this publication.

Policy Counts - Setting and Measuring Benchmarks for State Policies: A Concept Paper. Washington, DC: The Center for the Study of Social Policy.
Click here to download this publication.

 

Social and Emotional Development Resources

Promoting the Emotional Well-Being of Children and Families Policy Paper No. 3: Ready to Enter: What Research Tells Policymakers About Strategies to Promote Social and Emotional School Readiness Among Three- and Four-Year-Old Children (July 2002). Cybele Raver and Jane Knitzer. New York, NY: National Center for Children in Poverty.
Click here to download this publication.

Promoting the Emotional Well-Being of Children and Families Policy Paper No. 4: Making Dollars Follow Sense: Financing Early Childhood Mental Health Services to Promote Healthy Social and Emotional Development in Young Children (July 2002). Kay Johnson, Jane Knitzer, and Roxane Kaufmann. New York, NY: National Center for Children in Poverty.
Click here to download this publication.

Set for Success: Building a Strong Foundation for School Readiness Based on the Social-Emotional Development of Young Children (2002). Kansas City, MO: The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.
Click here to download this publication.

 

Web Resources

The Center for the Study of Social Policy
www.cssp.org

The Child and Family Policy Center
www.cfpciowa.org

Communications Consortium Media Center
www.ccmc.org

The Council of Chief State School Officers
www.ccsso.org

Early Care & Education Collaborative
www.earlycare.org

Education Commission of the States
www.ecs.org

The FrameWorks Institute
www.FrameWorksInstitute.org

National Center for Children and Families, Teachers College, Columbia University
http://ccf.tc.columbia.edu

National Conference of State Legislatures
www.ncsl.org

National Governors Association
www.nga.org

Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE)
www.serve.org

       

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The School Readiness Indicators Initiative is supported by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and the Ford Foundation.
The 17-state initiative is managed by Rhode Island KIDS COUNT