Studies show that educational achievement gaps already exist at Kindergarten entry.  Children from low-income families are more likely to start school with limited language skills, health problems and social and emotional problems that interfere with learning.  The larger the gap at school entry, the harder it is to close.

Language proficiency is a key predictor of school success. Early literacy skills (size of vocabulary, recognizing letters, understanding letter and sound relationships) at kindergarten entry are good predictors of children's reading abilities throughout their educational careers. Language and literacy skills enable children to develop cognitive skills and knowledge and to interact effectively with peers and adults.



The Chapin Hall Center for Children

The Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago is a research and development center focusing on policies, practices, and programs affecting children and the families and communities in which they live.


Child Trends

Child Trends is a nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization dedicated to studying children, youth, and families through research, data collection, and data analyses.


ECS Online Interactive Pre-kindergarten Database

The Education Commission of the States� Online Interactive Pre-kindergarten Database provides state-by-state information and comparisons on pre-k programs, including funding, history, staff requirements and eligibility.


The Future of Children

The primary purpose of The Future of Children is to promote effective policies and programs for children by providing policymakers, service providers, and the media with timely, objective information based on the best available research.


The National Center for Children in Poverty

The National Center for Children in Poverty�s mission is to identify and promote strategies that prevent child poverty in the United States and that improve the lives of low-income children and their families.


U.S. Department of Education: Early Childhood

The U.S. Department of Education�s early childhood resources page offers information on federal programs, initiatives, and research. Information is provided on the Good Start, Grow Smart program, the Early Reading First program, and the White House Summit on Early Childhood Cognitive Development.


Wellesley Child Care Research Partnership

The Wellesley Child Care Research Partnership brings together child care researchers, state and local child care administrators, agencies, specialists, and others to carry out research that improves social welfare and child care policy and the way in which that policy is administered.



© 2005, School Readiness Indicators Initiative
One Union Station Providence, RI 02903 401.351.9400 fax 401.351.1758
If you have a question or comment about this website, please contact us.

The School Readiness Indicators Initiative is supported by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and the Ford Foundation.
The 17-state initiative is managed by Rhode Island KIDS COUNT