Studies show that educational achievement gaps already exist at Kindergarten entry.  Children from low-income families are more likely to start school with limited language skills, health problems and social and emotional problems that interfere with learning.  The larger the gap at school entry, the harder it is to close.

Schools can improve the readiness of young children by making connections with local child care providers and preschools by creating policies that ensure smooth transitions to kindergarten.  Schools must be ready to address the diverse needs of the children and families in their community and be committed to the success of every child. 




A Champion for Babies; An Interview with Joan Lombardi (June/July 2001).  Erica Lurie-Hurvitz.  Zero to Three, Vol. 21, No. 6.  Washington, DC

The Baby's World, edited from The Zero to Three Journal, Vol. 10, No. 2.  Washington, DC.

Brain Development in Infancy (1997).  Early Head Start National Resource Center at Zero to Three.  Washington, DC.

Bridges to Literacy: Early Routines that Promote Later School Success (February/March 2002).  Sharon Rosenkoetter and Lauren Barton.  Zero to Three, Vol. 22, No. 4.  Washington, DC.

Child Care and Our Youngest Children (Spring/Summer 2001).  Deborah Phillips and Gina Adams.  The Future of Children, Vol. 11, No. 1.

Children's Health Under Medicaid: A National Review of Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment; Executive Summary, revised January 2002.  Kristi Olson, Jane Perkins and Tonya Pate.  National Health Law Program.

Development in the First Years (Spring/Summer 2001).  Ross A. Thompson, Ph.D.  The Future of Children, Vol. 11, No. 1.

First Steps: Early Childhood Mental Health Regional Summit 2000.  Chicago, Illinois.  November 16-17, 2000.

Home Visiting: Recent Program Evaluations-Analysis and Recommendations.  The Future of Children, Vol. 9, No. 1.

Improving Part C Early Intervention: Using What We Know About Infants and Toddlers to Reauthorize Part C of IDEA (February 2003).  Cindy Oser and Julie Cohen.  Zero to Three Policy Center.  Washington, DC.

Making a Difference in the Lives of Infants and Toddlers and Their Families: The Impacts of Early Head Start; Executive Summary (June 2002).  John M. Love, et al.  Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.  Princeton, NJ.

Medicaid Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment as a Source of Funding Early Intervention Services (June 2002).  Jane Perkins.  National Health Law Program.  Washingon, DC.

The National Evaluation of Early Head Start: Early Head Start Works (February 2003).  Zero to Three Policy Center.  Wshington, DC.

Partnerships for Quality: Improving Infant-Toddler Child Care for Low-Income Families (March 2002).  Diane Paulsell, Julie Cohen, Ali Stieglitz, Erica Lurie-Hurvitz, Emily Fenichel and Ellen Kisker.  Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.  Princeton, NJ.

The Relation of Child Care to Cognitive and Language Development (July/August 2000).  The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Early Child Care Research Network.  Child Development, Vol. 71, No. 4.  Rockville, MD.

Towards the ABC's: Building a Healthy Social and Emotional Foundation for Learning and Living. Paula Casas.  Ounce of Prevention Fund.  Chicago, Illinois.

Where It All Begins: The Impact of Preconceptional and Prenatal Care on Early Childhood Development (January 2001).  Michael Lu, Robert Bragonier, Ellen Silver and Rose Bemis-Heys.  UCLA Center for Healthier Children, Families and Communities.  Los Angeles, CA.











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The School Readiness Indicators Initiative is supported by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and the Ford Foundation.
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